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Rising above Corruption – A General Review

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India’s ancient Pundit (Scholar) Chanakya, in his literary work “Niti Shastra” i.e. Science on Ethics, quotes as “One should save money against hard times, save wife at the sacrifice of own riches, but invariably one should save own soul even at the sacrifice of wife and riches.”

Not only bureaucrats, but who-so-ever come under boundary of definition of corruption, need to ponder over above words of Chanakya along with the life story of Valmiki, a great Saint (Rishi) and the poet of Ramayana. We know that the members of his family, when he was Vaalio, a Robber, denied to share with his sins saying that the one who commits sins must suffer their consequences oneself. corruption-5

Violations of duty including to postpone works that are to be immediately done are the abstract forms of corruption. It may be defined in precise as “Corruption is the use of a position of trust for dishonest gain.” I shall remember Chanakya once again with his words as “one who is content with his riches has his heaven here on earth”. But, we see all around the world that the most of the people of all cadres in society are money hungry. They demand bribes for they want to make a decent living. They are not content with what they have and to satisfy their ugly desires they are prepared to do like anything by keeping their ears deaf to hear the voice of their inner soul. They do no see farther than the end of their own nose.

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Posted by on March 26, 2009 in Article, લેખ, Character, MB

 

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Strategies in Bearish Stock Market

In recent days, we have observed that Indian and non-Indian stock markets are not stable in their usual standard ranges. Constant little ups and more downs of the markets have compelled the most of the investors and/or traders to re-think whether to quit market with whatever the loss has occurred or increase investments still more to bring down costs of their holdings. Financial experts have proved themselves wrong in their predictions and Governments worldwide also have failed to save the markets from falling down leaps and bounds in spite of their supporting packages declared and all round measures taken. Market has become so sensitive that every second of the day increases the pulse rates of even giant players who deal online, sitting and staring towards their live market-watch all the times.

In such uncertainty of the stock-markets, nobody can show a hundred per cent successful remedy to cope with the worst situation. A well-known word ‘disclaimer’ is used here in this field the most presently as the loophole or escaping window by even the prominent Experts and Fund Managers. My attempt to put my ideas over the subject of this Article have resulted from my long experience in this regard and my consultation with, my not nephew but son, Aasif Musa in States who  graduated from Michigan aasifUniversity in subjects related to our topic, a talented and genius young man of 25 in area of his work. To be frank, he has no any work experience of trading in stocks, but the very first company which he had joined after studies was pleased to greet him with high distinction among his analyst peers. We had mutual discussions through emails and just as our joint findings, I try to represent my/our counseling to the members of my blog family who might have involved in dealings of stocks.

For the recent declined stock markets, Mr. Aasif points out mainly two factors – one, worldly economic growth is slowing; and two, hedge and mutual funds are experiencing redemptions from their investors and hence they are forced to sell stocks to make payments to them on demand which is a principal cause for severely depressed prices. I add one more factor from my end and it is Psychological. Hearsays and rumors, irresponsible forecasts based on hypothesis, live stock market news reports during business hours and predictions of Astrologers or Futurists develop a mass mind to think over the downward trend of the market seriously.

Here, I am not going to give you any specific list of Dos and Don’ts related to this business. In this brief Article, some very important measures are suggested in the prevailing bearish tendency of market. You will excuse me if I also use the word ‘disclaimer’ and repeat my statement in spite of my clarification above that this is merely a counseling and not any guaranteed advice. My Readers are requested to follow their own intuition applying analytic intellect prior to come to a specific decision.

First of all, the investors should think about their funds invested whether they are interest bearing or their own. If interest liability is there, it is advisable that they should quit the market as early as possible. Looking towards prevailing situation of the market, it seems very clear that the burden of interest liability will trap you deeper. In view of many economists, it is now the beginning of the supposed world-wide recession and when it goes to its climax, the market position still may become the worst. Many factors are there behind it and we should presume that its recovery to the highest picks we have witnessed may take at least 3 to 4 years. Moreover, even if the funds may be your own, you must be sure that you won’t need the same till above presumed period. In both the above cases, it is obvious that you should cash the stocks and quit the market as the precaution of prevention is better than cure before you are put in an unbearable financial crisis.
Bull Vs Bear

Stock market is always entangled and puzzling. There are no formulas to be followed and also fit for all the times. In my opinion, maturity built through experience and increased immune power to maintain balance with market volatility can only work. Fifty two weeks’ high-lows, discounted prices compared to issue prices of recent or past issues of primary markets, Live Tips from your Brokers or other sources, reviews of scrips in news papers, analysises of experts on TV Channels or worshiping-like (!) mentality of Charts of particular Stocks or Market Trends are not reliable tools in this tuff situation. They are lame and sometimes they may misguide or mislead you to go for improper scrips for your day trading or long-mid-short term investments. Thousands of companies are there listed on your Stock Exchanges and out of which you have to find out only 3 to 5 and I think you can yourselves do it. In my view, you should give priority to only your known companies which are fundamentally strong, dividend paying, having promoters of good reputation with their more holdings compared to public and institutional and also volume making. If such scrips are available at the fallen prices, you should go for that first. When market starts to bullish trend, these scrips will rise up faster. Promoters’ holding ratio is very important as they know their company’s inner position very well. If they start to decrease their holdings, you must get out from that scrip immediately.

Practically speaking, it is not the time now to reap any profits, but to stay continued in the field and it is enough. Here, you have to pass through an acid test and show your skill with calm and comfortable mind. You have to be very conscious to maintain your portfolio smartly. If need be, you will have to take a hard decision to convert your dull scrip to a better one with whatever loss you have to bear. Such interchange of scrips may, perhaps, not earn any profits for you, but it will surely help you to minimize your possible losses.

Mr. Aasif states clearly that in such fluctuating market, one should avoid day trading. I add to his statement and say that you should not do so even with applying ‘stop loss’ technique. You may succeed for one time, but will fail for many times and as a result, you will get nothing but loss. Even though, if you are habituated playing with such vice of prank, you should never throw your any equity having lower price to your landing cost in such dangerous horse-play where there is the great risk of going it off from you hands. Forward sale in day trading is more risky as at any cost you will have to square off your trade during the market hours. Delivery- base trading is safer than Intra-day and one may adopt this style also just to have some more time to make your trade square. If you are facilitated by your broker with BNST (By Now Sell Tomorrow) system, it is also good provided that you will have to bear Delivery base brokerage which is costlier than Intra-day’s.

Further, it is very crucial to know the right time when to take an entry to buy stocks and an exit for sale, not only to maximize your earnings but also to protect you from ill fate of losses. There is a funny quote that when people start to be terrified then you know that you are somewhere nearby the bottom. I would like to represent here the view of Mr. Aasif once again for the new entrants and also those who can afford some more investments. In his view, this is the appropriate time to buy stocks as they are very cheap and such opportunity does not come frequently. When the market returns, they will come back rather quickly; therefore, if you are not invested, it will be easy to miss the chance. Our joint counseling in this regard is that you will have to presume bottom level of particular stock or Sensex. This bottom level can be judged only after their upward rise is seen and it is advisable to wait and watch still more, no matter you miss your first or second ride.

It is most practical and safer in our view that one should start to buy stocks in parts in either of the two situations, declining still more or going up. The first will bring your landing cost lower and the second will make your cost somewhat higher, nothing else. Your purchase in installments is better than buying your total purchase at a time.

It would be a wise step if you hold a diversified set of stocks spread across various sectors. But, over diversification will prove to be ‘Much Ado about nothing.’ Warren Buffet, the richest man in the world who made his money from investment once said, “Over diversification is only good for those who don’t know what they are doing. If you are sure that you know five good stocks then have faith in yourself and distribute your money among them instead of buying thirty random companies that you know nothing about. Diversification can scientifically reduce your returns especially when you believe that few stocks will go up in price by a good percentage.”

It is noteworthy and advisable to remain apart from those sectors which are influenced with changing policies of Government as there are always possibilities of extreme ups and downs. If you go for a banking sector, prefer always those Public Banks which are under direct management or control of Government rather than Private ones. In the times of financial crisis, the Government is surely to protect them by providing survival packages which may not be available to Private Banks.

Before summing up, we represent here our some personal views which we have adopted for some ethical and other reasons. We never deal in F&O or FOREX and also avoid trading in stocks of certain companies which may be manufacturing or dealing in such products for which our conscious does not permit us to believe them as good. To buy such stocks means to be the partner of the said companies and it is totally against our principles whether we hold them for long time or even for a while. We don’t impose our above thoughts on others; but as our friendly duty, we counsel you for some important Don’ts. They are :- (1) Not to go for day trading in volumes beyond your capacity. (2) To avoid frequent trading in particular single scrip on the same day; and, (3) Most importantly, if you love your family members the most and you are not going to put those innocents in trouble by going you-yourself broke, avoid F&O trading completely as it is 100% gambling and providing you an open ground for over-trading which is risky.

Hope you will consider our views to be the last as we don’t claim being ‘Professionals’. It would be a matter of our pleasure if our aim to help you succeeds with your adoption of even a single point to make your style of trading in stocks efficient and improved.

With best wishes,

– Valibhai Musa

 
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Posted by on November 1, 2008 in Article, MB

 

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